Overview of Enneagram
The Enneagram system of personality type is of uncertain origins, but that does not interfere with its accuracy, effectiveness and extreme helpfulness. Whereas the MBTI® provides a profile of the true self, the Enneagram provides a profile of the defence system located in the subconscious. The Enneagram is best determined by referencing a stressful situation and examining motivation, not behaviours. Alternately, MBTI® type is more accurately determined when referencing a peaceful situation.
There are nine Enneagram types, identified by number rather than using letters as the MBTI® system does.
The nine Enneagram types are grouped into three centers:
1. Gut or Instinctive Centre (Types Eight, Nine and One).
These have anger as the key emotion. Each type deals with anger in a different way:
Type Eight – Power – they deal with anger through establishing personal power.
Type Nine – No Conflict – they bury their anger in their subconscious in an attempt to avoid any conflict.
Type One – Perfection – they turn their anger on themselves in the persistent pursuit of perfection.
2. Heart Centre (Type Two, Three and Four).
These have anxiety as the key emotion. Each type deals with anxiety in a different way:
Type Two – “Need to be needed” – they answer the question of “Who am I?” by referencing whom they serve.
Type Three – Success – they answer the question of “Who am I?” by projecting an image of success.
Type Four – Uniqueness – they answer the question of “Who am I?” by establishing that they are totally unique.
3. Head Centre (Type Five, Six and Seven).
These have fear as the key emotion. Each type deals with fear in a different way:
Type Five – Fear of emptiness – they counteract their fear of emptiness by relentlessly taking in information.
Type Six – Safety and Security – they pursue safety and security by being ever watchful of who/what may be a threat.
Type Seven – Fear of pain – they deal with their fear of pain by not allowing anything emotionally painful into